Adolescent are to be immunized for three reasons i.e.
1). To boost the immunity that is waning,
2). To accelerate desease control or the elimination effort,
3). To counter a specific risk.
Immunizing adolescents depends on which vaccines they have received as children. All adolescents should receive a tetanus-diphtheria pertussis booster, the meningococcal conjugate vaccine, and an annual influenza vaccine. Hepatitis B vaccine and measles, mumps, rubella (German measles) vaccine is indicated for all adolescents who have not been vaccinated previously. Varicella (chickenpox) vaccine is recommended for those not previously vaccinated and who have no reliable history of the disease. Girls and women aged 11-26 years should receive the HPV vaccine to prevent cervical cancer.
All adolescents with diabetes or chronic heart, lung, liver or kidney disorders need protection against pneumococcal disease and should consult their healthcare providers regarding their need for these vaccines.
Hepatitis A vaccine is recommended for adolescents traveling to or working in countries where the disease is common, living in communities with outbreaks of the disease, and living in states that have hepatitis A rates that exceed the national average. It is also recommended for adolescents who have chronic liver disease or clotting-factor disorders, are injection drug users, or are male and have sex with other males.
|Hepatitis-A||Adolescent who are at increased risk of hepatitis-A infection or its complications||720 ELU/ 0.5 ml||Two doses 0, 6-12 months|
|Hepatitis-B||Adolescent not been vaccinated previously||10 ug/ 0.5 ml||Three doses 0, 1-2, 4-6 months|
|Influenza||Adolescent who are at increased risk of Influenza infection or its complications||0.5 ml||Annually|
|MMR||Not vaccinated previously||0.5 ml||One dose|
|Pneumococcal||Adolescent who are at increases risk for Pneumococcal disease or its complication||0.5 ml||One dose|
|DT||Not vaccinated within previous 5 yrs||0.5 ml||Every 10 yrs|
|Varicella vacine||Not vaccinated previously||0.5 ml||One dose|
Last Updated on Thursday, 19 February 2009 00:38